An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. It was Sher Shah Suri (also known as Sher Shah Sur) who founded Sur dynasty in Hindustan. Suri Dynasty Sher Shah Suri, was an Afghan leader who took over the Mughal Empire after defeating Humayun in 1540. The peasants were required to credit the land-tax direct into the Govt. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. He died in an accidental gunpowder explosion in the fort of Kalinjar on 10th day of Rabi' al-awwal, A.H. 952 or 13 May 1545 AD. Sher Shah Suri was one of the few great and benevolent rulers India has seen. Death of Sher Shah Sher Shah Suri was killed a gunpowder explsion while laying the siege to kalinjar fort in … Revenue Policy Sher Shah Suri's weak successors enabled Humayun to regain the last empire. who was Sher shah suri? The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. After the invasion of the Delhi Sultanate in 1398 by the Turkish conqueror Timur, the sultanate was in ruins, and the citizens had lost everything they had. Therefore, it can be asserted that the Mughal Administrative structure, characterized by both continuity and change, introduced a high level of centralization in their administrative system. Every peasant was given as written document in which the share of the Govt. He introduced the currency of rupee. According to More land  in certain portions of the empire such as Multan the land tax was however one-fourth of the total produce. If death had spared him more years, Sher Shah would have certainly won that renown which Akbar got for his land reforms. II) Sher Shah’s Revenue System Sher Shah’s reputation as an administrative reformer depends larger on his land revenue system which he shaped on the basis of his experience in the jagir of Sasaram (his father’s Jagir). Who was defeated by Humayun in 1555 by the battle of Sirhindh. Sher Shah Sur (1486-1545) Sher Shah Sur’s conquests include Bundelkhand, Malwa, Multan, Punjab, and Sind. To save the peasants from being cheated, they were given a written record of their sown area, type of crop and the payable revenue. Shakeel Anwar Dec 14, 2017 10:54 IST Sher Shah’s land revenue reforms, based on wise and humane principles, have unique importance in the administrative history of India; for they served as the model for future agrarian systems. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and … Administration of Sher Shah Suri. It was Sher Shah Suri, who intervened between Humayun and Akbar, who provided an excellent land revenue system. Even when Sher Shah led an expedition to the territory of his enemy, he was very particular about it that no harm shall come to the farmers in any way from the excesses of his soldiers. The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. Sher Shah was the first Muslim ruler who got the whole of the land measured and fixed the land-tax on it on just and fair principles. His was an enlightened despotism. and the peasant in respect of the land revenue was always put in black and white. Early Life of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah was called Farid when he was a child and was born in 1472 A.D. at the age of twenty two Sher Shah fled to Jaunpur which was the center of learning at that time, studied there for three years, acquired knowledge of Arabic and Persian and was able to impress Jalal Khan, the master of his father … Though his rule lasted for only 5 years, he has organized an excellent administrative system. and the peasants. The last Sur ruler was Sikkandar Shah Sur. The main sources of income of the state were the land-revenue, unclaimed property, trade-tax, mint, salt-tax, khams, viz. Sher Shah is one among those great personalities of history who had a humble beginning but succeeded in establishing powerful empire simply by his own exertions, merit and power of sword. His Revenue system was excellent and hence Akbar’s administrative reforms were modelled after him. Sher Shah changed the system of assessment of land revenue and also introduced some improvements in the methods of its collection. Even when Sher Shah led an expedition to the territory of his enemy, he was very particular about it that no harm shall come to the farmers in any way from the excesses of his soldiers. also. Though his rule lasted for only 5 years, he has organized an excellent administrative system. Sandeep … The state demand was fixed as one-third of the gross produce, which was payable either in cash or kind. During this short period he had not as yet tested his reforms when the cruel clutches of death ended his life. Sher shah Introduced some number of reforms in the field of land revenue system… Here, we … Sher Shah saved his country from the ill-effects of the arbitrary land revenue system and he laid the foundation of the policy of co-­operation between the Govt. and the peasant in respect of the land revenue was always put in black and white. The settlement made between the Govt. The king was aided by four … Here, we are giving 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Administration of Sher Shah Suri, which will concretise the readings of the aspirants. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. His regulations about the revenue policy are remarkable for an original cast of thought, and faithfully represent the character of a sovereign who loved his people. The course will be covered in Hindi and the notes will be provided in Hindi. Sher Shah Suri was liberal in his religious outlook.His revenue policy was adopted not only by Akbar but also by the British. Perhaps it is the reason behind the assessment that ‘Sher Shah did not possess the culture and personal charm of a born aristocrat’. His grandfather, Ibrahim Khan Suri and his father Hasan Khan Suri migrated from Afghanistan to India during the reign of Sultan Bahlot Lodi (1451-1489). Every peasant was given as written document in which the share of the Govt. Water Conservation: Meaning, Importance, Methods, Ozone Layer Depletion: Meaning, Causes, Effects. But we must not forget that Sher Shah had ruled only for five years. ... Land Revenue System. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. What are the main Waste Disposal Methods? The king kept himself posted with the minutest happening in his kingdom. Due to ill-treatment of his step-mother, Sher Khan had to loiter from place-to-place in […] What distinguishes Sher Shah from others is his administration and statesmanship. The land of each peasant was measured first in “bighas” and then half of it was fixed as the land tax. Revenue system during the reign of Sher Shah Suri was quite an efficient one. Sher Shah introduced a number of reforms in the fields of revenue. Mention the chief features of the land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri He appointed his trustworthy persons as in charge. 10< > • Sher Shah divided the empire into 47 provinces or sarkars. The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Sher Shah Suri was the first King of Sur Empire. Coins of Sher Shah Suri The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. Sher Shah, as he was not born in a royal family, had to make his way in life through adversity. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the basis of estimated produce from the land but this system did not seem to be faultless as the produce was not constantly the same. In case of damages compensation was granted to the former by the Govt. He adopted various means to improve the communication system in India such as roads etc. The well-known ‘Ryatwari System’ which has been in vague till now, was not founded by Akbar but by Sher Shah. What is Fresh Water and How can we conserve it? In the short span of a 5-year rule (1540-1545), Sher Shah Suri established the foundations of a mounted post or horse courier system, wherein conveyance of letters was also extended to traders. Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. was clearly mentioned so that no unscrupulous officer might cheat the innocent peasant. He studied all the course that afflicated them. Land revenue policy by Sher shah Suri. also. He went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. Communication System During the times of Sher Shah Suri :-Sher Shah Suri was a great reformer and administrator. Sher Shah's political system was monarchical. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the… Read more It increased or decreased year after year. Learners at any stage of their preparation will be benefited by the course. His empire occupied the whole of North India except Assam, Gujarat, Kashmir, and Nepal. Sher Shah effectively improved the postal system through swift horses. His empire occupied the whole of North India except Assam, Gujarat, Kashmir, and Nepal. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the organizer of the Suri Empire in the northern piece of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in cutting edge Bihar. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah, the land rent was realized from the peasants on the […] His was an enlightened despotism. Humayun defeated many Afghans but the Afghan Sher Shah Suri proved to be the most formidable enemy of Humayun and in 1539, at the Battle of Chausa, Sher Khan defeated Humayun and assumed the title of Emperor of India under the name Sher Shah. Sher Shah Suri original name was Farid. Each and every peasant was given the option to pay the land-tax either in cash of in kind. Must Read: The Revenue System under Mughal Administration. Like Babur, the story of Sher Shah Suri’s rise to power is romantic and interesting. The currency system had debased. The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar state, India.The tomb was built in memory of Emperor Sher Shah Suri, a Pathan from Bihar who defeated the Mughal Empire and founded the Suri Empire in northern India. His original name was Farid Khan. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. 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